Ever felt like that large pimple on your face has a life of its own – just screaming for attention!
For those suffering from chronic acne – it is more than unsightly pimples and red bumps. It is the source of extreme embarrassment and anxiety, and can shatter your self-esteem.
Treating active acne and scarring not only restores the skins health but improves the overall quality of life and confidence. It involves understanding the condition and formulating a personalised treatment plan.
What is Acne?
Acne is a dermatological condition that appears commonly as lesions on the face, neck, chest and back. These are often characterised by redness, swelling and pus.
Ordinarily skin has tiny glands through which sebum (an oily liquid) is released. These sebaceous glands
are attached to the hair follicle and allows the gland to be drained onto the surface of the skin.
Acne develops when this process has been disrupted in any of the following ways:
Rising androgen levels increase the production of sebum - providing a cozy home for bacterial growth.
- The accumulation of dead skin and debris plugs the overactive oil duct and prevents proper drainage.
- Comedones/ blackheads are the result of the blocked oxidised oil and triggers an influx of white blood cells/ fighter cells.
- Bacteria that are normally present on the skin - become trapped within this plug and begin to breakdown the sebum.
- Finally leading to an inflammatory response by the body - causing the lesion to enter the whitehead stage.
What are the contributing factors to the formation of acne?
- Hormones: The hormone Androgen is present in elevated concentrations during puberty in both males and females. This leads to an increase in sebum and resulting acne. Inflammation on the cheeks, jaw-line, chin and upper neck may be indicative of hormonal fluctuations and is more common amongst women.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) leads to higher levels of male hormones which can cause acne in female patients. Mild breakouts may also be noted during menstruation due to hormone fluctuations.
- Genetic predisposition: family history may make one more prone to acne
- Stress and depression
- Environmental changes: such as climate change or high humidity
- Poor Diet: high saturated fats, MSG's, preservatives, coffee, chocolates etc.
- Cosmetics: such as foundations containing red toned dyes, colorants and moisturizers containing heavy oils
Types of Pimples?
- Whiteheads - remain under the skin and are very small
- Blackheads - clearly visible. These appear on the surface of the skin as a dark keratinized plug
- Papules - visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink, with no pus
- Pustules - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top painfully embedded deep in the skin with no pus.
- Nodules - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. These do not necessarily leave scars.
- Cysts - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars. Inflammation on the cheeks, jaw-line, chin and upper neck may be indicative of hormonal fluctuations and is more common amongst women
After a thorough skin assessment a course of treatments will be customized according to your condition and schedule. The following tenuous program is only an indication of the course:
- SaliScrub Micro-resurfacing Facial an enzymatic exfoliation that uses fruit acids to dossolve sebaceous plugs. Generally clients can expect to come through for 4-6 treatments and the magnificent improvements may be seen from your 2nd/ 3rd session.
- Salicylic Acid Peel: Utilizes salicylic acid to exfoliate the inside of the pore removing dead skinand encourages proper drainage of the gland.
Home Care Essentials:
Treatment is initiated at the clinic but must be continued at home as prescribed.
Results are accelerated and more predictable when professional treatments are maintained with homecare products.
A customised range of products will be prescribed after a skin assessment has been conducted and a detailed medical history noted.
Amazing results have been achieved with a combination of treatments and the following products: